Given its military pre-eminence, Sparta was recognized as the overall leader of the combined Greek forces during the Greco-Persian Wars. Between 431 and 404 BC, Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War, from which it emerged victorious, though at great cost of lives lost. Sparta's defeat by Thebes in the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC ended Sparta's prominent role in Greece. However, it maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC. It then underwent a long period of decline, especially in the Middle Ages, when many Spartans moved to live in Mystras. Modern Sparta is the capital of the Greek regional unit of Laconia and a center for the processing of goods such as citrus and olives.
Pre-colonial Sparta was inhabited by the LenapeNative Americans. In the 1750s, Dutch explorers discovered red ores in the area and attempted to mine copper. No permanent settlers arrived until 1778, when Robert Ogden and his wife built their home and constructed an iron forge on lands he had acquired and "called their house and farm Sparta." The first public building in Sparta was the Presbyterian Church which was incorporated in 1786. Schools were established in Ogdensburg by 1806 and in Sparta by 1812.
Sparta was established in 1809 as a county seat for White County, which had been created in 1806. The city was named after the ancient Greek city-state Sparta.
Sparta nearly became the capital of the state of Tennessee, as, early in the history of Tennessee, the state legislature voted to choose a location for the permanent state capital. The final vote resulted in a near tie between Sparta and Nashville. Sparta lost to Nashville by one vote.
Sparta grew quickly due to its location along the stage road between Knoxville and Nashville. In the 1830s, brothers Barlow and Madison Fisk built the Sparta Rock House, which served as an inn along the stage road. The Rock House, strategically situated in an area where the Cumberland Plateau gives way to the Calfkiller valley, was a common stopover for figures important to the early history of the state, including Andrew Jackson and Sam Houston. The building is now a state historic site and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Hackatoo. Hack of a Bear at CelestialHermitage. Wednesday, November 24...Mission ... 303 E ... In this hilarious, musical retelling of one of history’s greatest theatrical offerings, Lizastrata takes on the establishment, storms the Acropolis, and holds the treasury hostage until the long-warring men of Athens and Sparta commit to declaring peace ... LACE ... .
History repeats all the time ... Even going back to the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens we see that Athens itself debased its coinage and silver-plated bronze coins using the techniques of counterfeiters. Lydia, located in modern-day Turkey, is where coins were invented ... ....
The 20th-century was certainly a bloody one ...Source. What could cause WW3?. War is, sadly, part and parcel of human history ... Source. ... 1 ... In his view, at the time of his writing, he suggested that the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta was inevitable because of Sparta's growing anxiety over the growth in Athenian Power leading up to the conflict.
It is the first time since 1984 that there has been no passage of the Torch around Greece, although the journey of the Flame for Tokyo 2020 was curtailed after larger than expected numbers turned up to greet the Torch in Sparta. The Flame will be taken to Athens where there have already been protests against Beijing’s record on human rights ... .
Different cultures see and represent reality differently. The West was keen on strict realism ... For example, the concept of Thucydides’ trap, now highly fashionable to use when thinking of the confrontation between the US and China, is grounded in the cultural perception of Athens vis-à-vis Sparta in the Greek peninsula ... Photo ... Photo ... ....
... matter in his city of Athens were complicated ... They were used in the Boatian War, which saw Thebes, assisted by Athens, battle Sparta ... The Sacred Band has mostly been overlooked throughout history, but Thebes, in general, is not as widely discussed as states like Athens and Sparta.